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Stephen Hawking

Mark bruscino Paper 4- “Hawken calls for moon and mars colonies” 4/22/13 Theoretical thinking from Afar Since the landing of the moon to now, humans have progressively wanted to know more about space. David Shiga’s article,“ Hawken calls for Moon and Mars colonies”, references Stephen Hawking, a theoretical physicist and his devotion to have NASA place ten times the amount of there current budget of the world’s financial resources to space. Mankind faces nuclear Armageddon and must build colonies on Mars and beyond, as stated by Stephen Hawking.

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Student Halie Westin believes that, “ All this Mars colonization talk is out of control. We have enough problems on Earth that need attention, we don’t need to make more by going to Mars,” annulling Hawking’s argument. Hawking would respond to Westin’s comment with pure disgust being that colonizing space could be an insurance policy with the possibility of extinction of humanity, Mars already has had life there in the past, and through technology Mars can obtain sustainable living conditions.

Hawking’s believes that by colonizing space, it is an admirable insurance policy against the possible extinction of humanity amongst the earth. There are constantly harsh catastrophes occurring, whether it’s nuclear war or climate change. Land is destroyed constantly by hurricanes, tornadoes, natural disasters that leave land left in shambles. Wearing away of land does not make for a suitable living condition for any sort of life. The constant erosion will lead to little to no stability.

When occurrences like these happen it is nearly essential to have other options to uphold humanization. Expanding to other solar systems can be the next best thing. With Westin’s argument she is agreeing that problems on earth do occur, but what is it that we can do to prevent such things? Hawking finds that life on Mars is a better future, this allows people to have a chance at life rather then being destroyed by current issues on earth. We as humans are able to handle earthly problems, climate change being one of them, but he never states this would happen over night.

In a speech he had given taken place in Washington, DC, “Hawking focused on near- term possibilities, backing the space agency’s goals of returning astronauts to the moon by 2020 and sending humans to Mars soon after that,” this meaning that the proper steps will be taken to eventually produce colonization amongst mars, declaring it a safe environment for mankind. Hawking would emphasize the saving of humanity to Westin while supporting his future possibilities. Hawking speaks of Mars possibly having life present on it before.

Mars is probably the closest option to obtain any sort of life, leaving it to be “the obvious next target,” Hawking adds. Having said this, with Mars’ endless amounts of frozen water amongst it, there is a great possibility that there was once life. This once existent life is nearly a stepping-stone for future humanization. Westin can only concur that Earth has issues that need attention, but how about creating new opportunities to prevent extinction? Hawking supports the prevention of extinction in his argument, while preventing future problems on earth.

Mars can obtain suitable living conditions unlike most planets, through technology. Robots roam Mars in search of water activity. Water activity leads to good living conditions for human life. New life cannot only roam the land, but can also allow for plant, animal and human life to populate. The robots are able to see what grounds are safe for living and are less costly then sending people. More scientific information is also found when robots take control of the grounds.

Hawking explains, “ Robotic missions are much cheaper and may provide more scientific information, but they don’t catch the public imagination in the same way, and they don’t spread the human race into space, which I’m arguing should be our long term strategy,” meaning that robots are a good alternative when it comes to saving money but unfortunately sending robots does not allow the human race to get the feel of the land. If the human race does continue to grow there will be no other option other then venturing out to places that have not been walked before.

Over population may lead to exploring new life on new planets. Current technology is unable to invade Mars but it is a long- term goal. Sending robots, will efficiently allow us to scope out suitable land for life. In “ Hawken calls for Moon and Mars colonies,” Stephen Hawking seeks to have NASA place ten times the amount of their current budget of the world’s financial resources to space, but student Halie Westin disagreed and made it a point that colonization is nothing but a hassle. Hawking a well-known theoretical physicist would disagree with such a statement, having more then one argument to back him up.

Hawking concluded that, colonizing space could be an insurance policy with the possibility of extinction of humanity, Mars already has had life there in the past, and through technology Mars can obtain sustainable living conditions. It is nearly essential to be able to seek land for suitable living with the possible harsh outcomes that natural causes can do to humanity. Hawking annuls Westins argument with strong theories that allow his argument to be dominant, inferring that Mars is sufficient for living.

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