The narrative of Othello starts with an statement between Iago and Roderigo, on a street in the town of Venice. Roderigo has been holding a trade with Iago who has been claiming to assist him accommodate Desdemona but realises that she is married to Othello. The two go to Brabantio, Desdemona ‘s male parent to convert him that his girl has been stolen, by witchery, in matrimony by Othello ( Shakespeare 4 ) . On hearing this, Brabantio gathers some work forces and together they go out looking for Othello in his concealment topographic points. Meanwhile Othello is run intoing with the duke. Brabantio confronts Othello before the senate. Senate and the duke are really sympathetic of Othello and when Othello is given a opportunity to support himself, he explains that he is married to Desdemona out of love but non through witchery. Desdemona comes in to support her hubby and that flushing they travel to Cyprus with her hubby who is appointed to assist in the battle against Turks ( Shakespeare 23 ) .
They arrive to Cyprus the undermentioned forenoon and Iago and Roderigo are still be aftering to destroy Othello ‘s matrimony. They suggest extinguishing Cassio from the group so as unrecorded Desdemona with merely one option, Roderigo, in instance the matrimony turns rancid as planned. Cassio so meets with Desdemona and explains to her that he needs her aid so that his rank is restored. Desdemona becomes really sympathetic and promises to confer with Othello about it. When Othello comes back and finds out that his married woman has been talking to Cassio, he gets really disquieted to an extent that he becomes ill. Desdemona offers him her hankie but it turns out to be excessively little that it falls on the floor ( Shakespeare 130 ) . Emilia, Iago ‘s married woman picks it and takes it to his hubby who uses it as a cogent evidence that Desdemona is holding an matter with Cassio. Meanwhile Iago incites him that Desdemona has been holding an matter with Cassio. Othello about proves this when Desdemona asks him to forgive Cassio. On the other manus, Iago initiates Roderigo to kill Cassio so that Othello and Desdemona do non populate. Roderogo is killed alternatively and Cassio is merely wounded.
That dark, Othello is be aftering to kill his married woman and tells her to travel and wait for him in the sleeping room in the absence of Emilia. She finds her asleep but she instantly wakes up, pleads with him but still suffocates her to decease. Emilia finally comes in and explains to Othello how she found the hankie and how it got to Cassio. On hearing this, he regrets holding killed his darling married woman and interrupt down into cryings ( Shakespeare 218 ) . He attempts to kill Iago but is demoralised. Iago so kills his married woman and flights. Othello so gives out his last address on his recollection and stubs himself. Lodovico gives a address and orders Graziano to inherit Othello ‘s properties including the house. He besides commands the executing of Iago.
Associating this narrative and the traits of the characters with those virtuousnesss portrayed/ described in Aristotle ‘s “ moralss ” , there are some relationships between the virtuousnesss of these characters and those in “ moralss ” . Aristotle describes virtuousness as that which makes a individual or anything else to execute its map good ( Urmson 6 ) . Therefore merely one thing can make that work so good more than anything else. For case if the work of an oculus is to see, so the lone thing the oculus can make better is seeing. Thus a virtuousness is meant to do some thing good for its map. For a adult male, a virtuousness is the province of character that makes him good every bit good as makes him make his work good. However, merely one virtuousness can non do a adult male good ; several virtuousnesss need to work manus in manus in order to bring forth a good adult male ( Aristotle and Grant 21 ) . Many virtuousnesss are required to do adult male map good. He classifies virtuousnesss into three groups ; rational virtuousnesss, moral virtuousnesss, and physical provinces.
Harmonizing to him, a individual may be born with a brave and unagitated disposition but geting these belongingss may necessitate his province. Therefore moral virtuousnesss can be described as the sense of entire entry of one ‘s personal feelings to grounds. For blink of an eye, a rather individual may stay rather even when he does non suit in the state of affairs s/he is in, while a individual with tantamount virtuousnesss remains quite ground evaluates him ( Aristotle and Everson 53 ) . The emotional component of the psyche is therefore reasonable owing that alterations of the feelings can be made through idea and logical thinking. Moral virtuousness can merely be developed as one grows and interacts with other people and state of affairss, therefore the human nature is made is perfected by wont. Moral virtuousness is hence involved with accomplishing the right feeling at the right clip, with regard to the right objects, with the exact motivation, in the right and towards the right people. Thus a virtuous individual takes pleasance in making the right thing at the right clip ( Aristotle 20 ) . Refering voluntary and nonvoluntary, Aristotle describes voluntary actions as those actions that are performed in return for something good done while nonvoluntary actions are those performed after irresistible impulse.
Associating this with the character of Duke of Venice we find that his character is more or less that which is described by Aristotle. Duke is the senator is Venice and from the manner he handles affairs in his section it is clear that he is virtuous. First he appears when Brabantio is facing Othello over the instance about his matrimony to his girl Desdemona. He stands out to be wise and human when he sympathises with Othello. He has an interior apprehension of the affairs of the bosom and wants justness to predominate. He therefore settles the instance sagely by giving each of the ailments a opportunity to talk. He learns the whole truth by leting Othello, Brabantio and latter Desdemona to talk and he eventually decides to allow Othello win the instance ( Shakespeare 31 ) . He sagely convinces Brabantio to let the matrimony between Desdemona and Othello guaranting him that he will acquire a boy in jurisprudence who is a Moor when he accepts the matrimony ; that matrimony is something that is natural and that there is no human that can excel such forces. Brabantio even petitions him to penalize Othello claiming that he has used thaumaturgies to drive his girl into matrimony, but Duke chooses to stand his evidences and assures Brabantio that it was Desdemona ‘s free will to acquire matrimony to Othello.
Harmonizing to what Aristotle defines virtuousness as something that makes a human being map good, so Duke ‘s wisdom is what makes him execute his responsibilities suitably as the senator for Venice. Some of his responsibilities are to settle domestic clangs among the people he is taking. Another country in which he portrays virtuousness to execute his responsibilities is when he appoints Othello to travel and take the war against Turks. He does this courageously since he had assurance that Othello is the lone individual who could execute this responsibility rather good. He hopes that by giving Othello this work, the Venetians will win the war ( Shakespeare 35 ) . Duke is besides the adult male who is behind doing Cassio the governor of Cyprus when he learns that Othello has failed to present good services as expected. He recalls Othello back place and hold his place been replaced by Cassio.
Another character that William Shakespeare uses in the drama Othello is Iago. Iago is portrayed as the individual responsible for all the immorality that happens in this drama. He takes pleasance in seeing that he has destroyed other people ‘s felicity. In the drama, he plots many evil actions against those people he envies and those he does non desire to see they thrive. First he has a score with Cassio simple because he has found out that he has been made the helper to Othello while he besides desired the same station. Therefore through out the drama, he plans evil secret plans against him and even wants to see him dead 9 Shakespeare 128 ) . He besides loathes Othello for doing Cassio his helper but he does non demo this out. He pretends to be nice, honest and faithful to him but is the main instrument in doing his matrimony with Desdemona unsuccessful. He uses all agencies at his disposal to guarantee that Othello is non happy in his loyal matrimony. He makes the evil programs and frames other people for his ain immorality.
At the terminal of the drama, we see him kill his ain married woman after she revealed to Othello that all the occurrences have been planned by him. Harmonizing to Aristotle ‘s criterions, a virtuous adult male is one who takes pleasance in making good ; the right thing and at the right clip towards the right people ( Aristotle and Grant 20 ) . Harmonizing to these criterions, Iago does non measure up to be a virtuous individual. This is because he does non hold small humanity left in him. He alternatively takes pleasance in destroying the felicity of other people and guaranting that they live in torment. When other people suffer, he is happier particularly when it is him who has caused the torture. He is hence non virtuous and he is the most evil in the drama.
However, Aristotle neglects some of the virtuousnesss that Shakespeare depicts. Virtues such as fidelity in matrimony and being honest are non mentioned in Aristotle ‘s moralss. The two adult females, Desdemona, the married woman to Othello and Amilia, Iago ‘s married woman, have in the drama shown faithfulness in their matrimony and honest severally. Despite the fact that Iago has been utilizing Cassio to border that he has a love matter with Desdemona, she has been really faithful to her hubby and she could non let any other adult male soil their matrimony. At the beginning of the drama we find out that Iago and Roderigo have been contending over the issue of who marries her. Iago has been having money from Roderigo with the hope that he will carry her to get married Roderigo ( Shakespeare 3 ) . The trade nevertheless does non win and Desdemona marries Othello. Even after they deceive her and her male parent that she has been charmed, she stands strong and declares her echt love for Othello before non merely her male parent and the company but the gathering of the senator as good. This is a virtuousness that most people in matrimonies lack and it should be instilled through books and other actual stuffs such as dramas so as to moralss to those who are married.
Another virtuousness that has been portrayed in the drama and non in Aristotle ‘s moralss is honest. Amilia is the lone character who is honest and forthright. Even though her hubby does non give her the true love as a married woman, she does non believe that he could be such cruel to other people as good. When she finds out that Iago has been lying to Othello and has planned several secret plans, including the hankie, to destroy his matrimony, he goes in front and reveals the truth to him with caring what the result would be ( Shakespeare 132 ) . This earns her decease but she is contented every bit long as the truth has been known.
Aristotle tends to pretermit these virtuousnesss because they do non fall in his definition of virtuousness. In my ain sentiment, these are virtuousnesss because they have shaped these two adult females into better married womans and this is the criterion that the society is looking for.