The first of import portion to notice in Oliver Twist is the importance of the characters and it is right to truly specify them and the conditions in which they evolve. The first character is of class Oliver Twist. As said before, Oliver is a immature male child life in truly tough conditions. He has to confront solitariness, bad wellness, and poorness by being merely a kid. Abandoned since about his first proceedingss, by the decease of his female parent giving him birth, and an about nonexistent male parent, Oliver is put in a babe farm for the following eight old ages of his life in conformity with the Poor Law, which stipulate that hapless people could merely have aid from the authorities if they worked in authorities workhouses. That jurisprudence will set him at his 9th birthday into a work house, administered by a group of potbelliedA work forces of which Mr. Bumble is portion. He will remain at that place for six months. Here, he joins other kids who have to unravel ropes all twenty-four hours long. The kids in the work house are truly severely and non fed plenty. One twenty-four hours, after six months in the work house, Oliver takes portion in a draw lots game ; the looser will hold to travel to Mr. Bumble and inquire to hold another bowl of that atrocious mixture called the gruel. There, he will hold that celebrated phrase: “ Please sir, I want some more ” . Shook up, Mr. Bumble, who considers that the kids are fed adequate and do non hold to kick, gives pursuit to Oliver who is chased off from the work house. After that, a five lbs wages is offered for any individual who would take Oliver as an learner. The immature orphan will be taken as an learner in an mortician house, Mr. Sowerberry ‘s, but after a battle with Noah, who could be considered as Oliver ‘s bully, Mrs. Sowerberry and the housemaid who is in love with Noah, Oliver runs off. His stairss will take him to London. But it would non be a existent Oliver Twist narrative if it had finished like that.
Indeed, Oliver is non the lone chief character in the narrative and it is in London after his flight that he will run into them. One of the first people Oliver meets when he arrives in London is Jack Dawkins, but in London, that character is best-known as “ The Artful Dodger ” . And as Oliver is a naA?ve and a hearted people, he does non hold adequate experience to see that Dodger is a dishonorable male child. Soon, he makes the most of the chance to offers him a free tiffin and enrolls him stating that he cognize person who would “ give him diggingss for nil, and ne’er inquire for alteration ” . That adult male is the individual for who Dodger is working. Indeed, populating in London in that period requests forfeits, particularly for the childs who are the first work force in the slums of London. His work is nil else that cutpurses work, more exactly handkerchiefs ‘ stealing. But Oliver, as a candid will non instantly see that in the occupation, Dodger will wait him on manus and pes to the “ bad cat ” .
So The Artful Dodger will convey Oliver to the individual for whom he works, that individual could be defined as one of the bad cats in the book because he will maintain Oliver in his claws about until the terminal. Fagin is really an old adult male but above all a Judaic felon reconverted in a worker kids foreman. He recruits immature male childs to do them steal hankies. In that sort of “ pack ” , Oliver sees, excessively late, in what he is involved and when one twenty-four hours he is permitted to travel out he is arrested for one of Dodger ‘s misdemeanour. Indeed, seeking to steal an old adult male ‘s, Mr. Brownlow ‘s, hankie Oliver is brought before the magistrate. The magistrate does non waver to reprobate Oliver, but Mr. Brownlow seems unenthusiastic by that, and when a bookshop holder declares he has seen Dodger stealing, Oliver is cleared, but really pale and really ill, he faints.
By that portion of the book, we can state that the “ good cat ” appears in the narrative. Even if at the first sight he accused Oliver, he will assist him. Indeed, after the immature male child fainted, Mr. Brownlow takes Oliver to his house to give him the medical attending he needs. Oliver will remain at Mr. Brownlow ‘s house, retrieving rapidly with the attentions of Mrs. Bedwin. Finally, the narrative of Oliver was acquiring better, but it was without thinking with Fagin ‘s set. Actually, Fagin considers that he gave Oliver someplace to populate and something to eat so he would be thankful for that instead than fly. So one twenty-four hours when Oliver is sent by Mr. Brownlow to pay some book in London, the pack is on the look-out. They want Oliver back. And this is what is traveling to go on when Nancy, a miss from the pack helps Fagin to catch him. But the terminal of the narrative will eventually be a good 1. Oliver will win in traveling back to Mr. Brownlow ‘s house where he will eventually detect his beginnings.
But even if the characters are an of import portion in the book, we have to retrieve that they are merely used to portray a message for societal alteration. Indeed, each character represents a different feature of the new epoch which was get downing when the novel was published, the Victorian Era. As we will see, this period will be a one of large alterations, depicted by the chief characters quoted earlier. In position of the fact that Oliver is the chief character of Charles Dickens ‘ book, it was in a manner normal that he is the informant of the chief alterations of that epoch which was chiefly about poorness, wellness and kid labour.
The first of import societal alteration is the poorness. In Oliver Twist ; or, The Parish Boy ‘s Progress, Charles Dickens uses Oliver to belie the thought that hapless people born instinctively as bad individuals, or that, if they were hapless, it was because of their indolence. Indeed, as said before, Oliver was born in bad conditions of life ; he is hapless, has no instruction but keeps a deep virtuousness, a existent goodness. Surrounded by frailty, dishonesty and larceny, the supporter is outraged by the “ existent ” nature of the hapless people around him. Because he has nil to make with them, Oliver ‘s evident well-behavior seems to reflect one of the societal alterations Dickens want to demo to the reader. The topographic point where the immature thiefs live is besides a contemplation of the manner people can see the London of 1830 ‘s ; muddy, disreputable and glooming. Here once more, Oliver will demo that even hapless, there is ways to travel out of that sort of topographic points by being respectable and maintaining a deep goodness.
The 2nd of import thing to notice is the topographic point that wellness takes. Actually, it is a hidden guiding yarn. We can see it by the fact that Oliver ‘s fainting tantrum in forepart of the justice is how he will stop to Mr. Brownlow ‘s house, symbol of Oliver ‘s “ exigency issue ” . Another clip where wellness is of import is at the minute when Oliver has to help a burglary in Mr. Brownlow ‘s house and the manner one time once more he ends up in the attention of Mrs. Bedwin. The thing to notice is that each clip that Oliver was doomed to jobs, his bad wellness “ saved ” him of bigger jobs. Indeed, in that age, people who did non take attention of their lesions were terminally sick. The other point about wellness that Oliver illustrates is how he is victim of malnutrition, every bit good in the workhouse with, as said before, the atrocious gruel, merely beginning of nutrition for the kids. But it is besides showed at the lair, when kids have to steal what they eat, barbarous world of the slums.
Finally, the last of import thing to underscore is the ubiquitous kid labour. Indeed, from about the beginning of Oliver Twist ; or, The Parish Boy ‘s Progress, the most of import work force is kids. Actually, we can see that in the work house, when the immature male childs have to work on oakum the whole twenty-four hours. In world, the kids who do non work in that topographic point are frequently recruited as chimney expanses, because of their little tallness, or in mines because they could inch their manner into topographic points where grownup workers could non. When Oliver is chased from the workhouse, he is hired, as said earlier, as learner by an mortician in exchange for a five lbs wages. Because, if immature male childs were easy hired, the fact that they were hapless frequently meant that the employer had to feed them and give them a topographic point to kip. That is what happened in the mortician household, Oliver is seen as another oral cavity to feed more than a aid for Mr. Sowerberry.
In Oliver Twist ; or, The Parish Boy ‘s Progress, Charles Dickens tried to do his characters truly representative of a portion of the society in which they live. As Oliver can writhe into reversals of luck, Mr. Bumble is a bungling character and Mr. Grimwig, a inexorable individual. As the characters names reflect one of the sides of their personality, the writer tried to exemplify by them societal alterations. In this manner, Albert Einstein wrote: “ Weakness of attitude becomes failing of character. ”